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How to set up chrooted DNS on Ubuntu Dapper

Taken from


apt-get install bind9

For security reasons we want to run BIND chrooted so we have to do the following steps:

/etc/init.d/bind9 stop

Edit the file /etc/default/bind9 so that the daemon will run as the unprivileged user bind, chrooted to /var/lib/named. Modify the line: OPTIONS=“ -u bind” so that it reads OPTIONS=“-u bind -t /var/lib/named”:

vi /etc/default/bind9

OPTIONS=“-u bind -t /var/lib/named” # Set RESOLVCONF=no to not run resolvconf RESOLVCONF=yes

Create the necessary directories under /var/lib:

mkdir -p /var/lib/named/etc mkdir /var/lib/named/dev mkdir -p /var/lib/named/var/cache/bind mkdir -p /var/lib/named/var/run/bind/run

Then move the config directory from /etc to /var/lib/named/etc:

mv /etc/bind /var/lib/named/etc

Create a symlink to the new config directory from the old location (to avoid problems when bind is upgraded in the future):

ln -s /var/lib/named/etc/bind /etc/bind

Make null and random devices, and fix permissions of the directories:

mknod /var/lib/named/dev/null c 1 3 mknod /var/lib/named/dev/random c 1 8 chmod 666 /var/lib/named/dev/null /var/lib/named/dev/random chown -R bind:bind /var/lib/named/var/* chown -R bind:bind /var/lib/named/etc/bind

We need to modify the startup script /etc/init.d/sysklogd of sysklogd so that we can still get important messages logged to the system logs. Modify the line: SYSLOGD=“-u syslog” so that it reads: SYSLOGD=“-u syslog -a /var/lib/named/dev/log”:

vi /etc/init.d/sysklogd

[…] SYSLOGD=“-u syslog -a /var/lib/named/dev/log” […]

Restart the logging daemon:

/etc/init.d/sysklogd restart

Start up BIND, and check /var/log/syslog for errors:

/etc/init.d/bind9 start

chrooted_dns.1167826247.txt.gz · Last modified: 2016/11/25 22:38 (external edit)